Recognizing that Climate change is a reality and its impacts are already been experienced by all, ironically the world’s poorest and most marginalized people will be affected the most by Climate change despite contributing least to its causes .
Aware that gender and women issues have been absent in UNFCCC , Kyoto Protocol and in almost all CC negotiations and discourses at the international level and that this have made it convenient for gender and women’s concerns to be relegated to the backburner in CC responses in Nigeria.<!–more–>
Disturbed that despite the fact that Nigeria has ratified all international instruments relating to gender Equality and have also adopted a National Gender policy (2006) and its strategic framework, yet gender inequality is still pervasive in Nigeria.
Expressing concern that Nigerian Women are vulnerable, and are most likely to be disproportionately affected by the adverse impacts of climate change because of deeply ingrained disparities that currently subsist in our society, women constitute 65% of the 70% Nigerians who are estimated to live in abject poverty, have less than 5% representation at decision making level at the 3 tiers of government compared to 95% for men.
Noting with utmost concern also, that women’s traditional roles as the primary users and managers of natural resources, primary caregivers, and labourers who engage in 70% agricultural labor, 50% animal husbandry and 60% food processing, but yet lack control over land, capital, labour and have access to less than 20% agricultural resources puts their livelihoods and resources at risk to current and future impacts associated to CC.
Alarmed that drought, desertification, landslide, gully erosion, flooding and erratic rainfall result are negatively impacting on women’s livelihoods and making women to work harder to secure food, water and energy resources, leaving them with less time to earn income, get an education, or provide care to their families.
Worried that Nigerian women have the least capacity to prepare and adapt to the impacts of CC and that disasters associated to CC may further exacerbate existing inequalities and undermine efforts at attaining the MDGs.
Acknowledging that women are important actors of change and holders of significant knowledge and expertise related to mitigation, adaptation and the reduction of risk in the face of CC and that “any outcome of the <strong>AD HOC WORKING GROUP ON LONG-TERM COOPERATIVE ACTION</strong>
<strong>UNDER THE CONVENTION (</strong>AWG LCA) that does not clearly reference women and gender would be very weak and critically flawed”.<strong></strong>
Nigerian Women hereby call on
Nigerian Government to:
Align with other progressive Nations to support and secure a fair, equitable, gender sensitive and right based deal in Copenhagen.
Demonstrate her political will as the leader of the African technical team to COP 15 to rally all African countries and other developing countries to support gender considerations in the new CC deal and encourage increased participation of women in COP 15 negotiations.
Ensure that Selection of Nigeria’s Negotiators and / delegation to COP 15 reflects gender equity. At least 30% of them should be women.
Take Adaptation initiatives, national policies and programs that prioritize women and other vulnerable populations to address existing gender disparities which make Nigerian women disproportionately vulnerable to current and future risk associated to CC
Develop action plans with clear guidelines on the practical implementation of gender mainstreaming in all Climate change mitigation and adaptation responses
Conduct gender Research / analysis of vulnerabilities and identify barriers to integration of gender into adaptation strategies in Nigeria. Taking into account existing inequalities between men and women and how CC can exacerbate these inequalities; differentiated responsibilities and roles of men and women in different climate dependent sectors and ways in which these roles can change as a result of CC.
<li>Promote gender perspectives into key macroeconomic and social development policies and national development programs.”</li>
CALL ON DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING NATIONS AND OTHER RELEVANT STAKEHOLDELRS TO
SUPPORT and retain gender references/language in the new Climate deal to be reached at UNFCCC COP 15.
ENSURE full integration of gender perspectives in all aspects of climate change; adaptation, mitigation, technology sharing, financing, and capacity building.
Draw on existing women’s rights standards and best practice as enshrined in Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against women (CEDAW), Beijing Platform for Action Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Hyogo Framework , Security Council Resolution 1325 and other Gender Equality and women’s Rights standards In mainstreaming gender and women’s concerns into the new climate deal.
CALL ON DEVEOPED NATIONS
To demonstrate genuine commitment by taking steps to cut down greenhouse gas (GHGs) emissions by 40% in 2020 and 80% in 2050 below 1990 levels through a measurable, reportable and verifiable (MRV) means as agreed under the Bali Action Plan
CALL ON International Non Governmental organizations (INGOs), Gender and women’s organizations, donor organizations and other stakeholders to intensify advocacy to mainstream gender into CC at the international, national and local level for integration into development blueprints.
We Commend UNFCC in awarding provisional constituency status to Women and Gender NGOs.
We urge world Leaders to demonstrate their political will by reaching a fair equitable, gender sensitive and right based deal in Copenhagen.
Communique issued at the end of a Pre-COP-15 Stakeholder Workshop on Gender and Climate Change organized by Gender and Water Alliance with the Delta state Ministry of Women Affairs and Community Development, Nigeria