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Corruption in Nigeria: causes and solutions

Report of a Workshop for Civil Society Organisations involved in the fight against Corruption, organised by Zero Corruption Coalition, (ZCC) Lagos, December 11-12, 2008

                                                                          By Babatope Babalobi

The World Bank defines corruption as the abuse of public office for private    gain.   Corruption is a major cause of poverty and a barrier to overcome it

 

Causes of corruption  in Nigeria

  1. Weak Government institutions
  2. Poor pay incentives
  3. Lack of openness and Transparency in public service                                  
  4. Absence of key anti corruption tools
  5. Ineffective political processes
  6. Culture and acceptance of corruption by the populace

    Yar'Adua, Nigeria's President

  7. Absence of effective political financing
  8.    Poverty
  9. Ethnic and religious difference
  10.  Resource scramble

 

 Nigeria is presently ranks 121the 178 ranked in Transparency International http://www.transparency.org/ Corruption Perception Index (TICPI). The fight against corruption in Nigeria is not working because of the following factors:

  1. Insincerity of Government
  2. Pre bargaining and Negotiation, highly placed officials caught of corrupt practices are made to part with some of their looted funds and are thereafter set free.
  3. Low deterrent- the punitive measures for corrupt practices need to be strengthened
  4. Lack of virile political and social movements to tackle corruption. The mass of the people are yet to be mobilises in the fight against corruption
  5. Lack of access to public information. A lot of secrecy still pervades Government documents, and this underlies the need for the passage of the freedom of Information Bill presently before Nigeria’s National Assembly.
  6. Insecurity of Informants. There is a need to enact laws to protect informants as well as reward them
  7. Low public participation in Governance
  8. Corrupt Electoral system
  9. Nepotism

10.     Systemic disorder

11.     Weak Government Institutions