Chairman of the Rivers State Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Justice Kayode Esho, has identified ‘greed’ as the main cause of the Niger Delta crises, while the remote causes is demand for self actualisation by citizens of the Niger delta states: ‘citizens of Niger delta before now started by not recognising themselves as Nigerians during the colonial period”
The Rivers State Truth and Reconciliation Commission, was inaugurated on November 29, 2007, by Governor Amaechi barely one month after being sworn into office to find lasting solutions to the spate of violence and militancy that had pervaded the state. Also, the commission was mandated to reconcile warring communities, individuals especially politicians in order to restore lasting peace to the violence wracked state
Presenting a 572 page report of the Rivers State Truth and Reconciliation Commission to a crowded hall of stakeholders at Governors House in Port Harcourt, Justice Kayode Esho also listed several immediate causes of the crises:
“The immediate cause is Politics, that was unfortunately turned into business by the politicians- the politicians became immortal enemies of themselves, there was also the issue of economy that citizens regarded as unfair distribution of wealth, there was pollution in the land and sea caused by oil spillage militating against fishermen and making farming anachronistic, there were crime committed through elimination of political opponents and these crimes were never investigated by the authorities, there were communal clashes and insurgents were employed to devastate homes, lastly, chiefs believed they could rule with impunity and referred themselves as Majesties and His Royal Majesties”
Prominent persons that testified before the panel include Governor Amaechi, former Governor Peter Odili, and former transport minister in the Obasanjo administration, Dr. Abiye Sekibo, militants leaders and Inye Harry, son of slain All Nigeria Peoples Party stalwart, Chief Marshal Harry, who was felled by assassins bullets.