The United States Congress’s Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission heard a testimony about the negative environmental impacts of oil operations in the Niger Delta; including those of multinational oil giant Royal Dutch/Shell in the Ogoni region of the Niger Delta.
At the hearing on April 28, Steve Kretzmann, Executive Director of Oil Change International, a US based Enviromental rights group that monitors Shell activities in the Niger delta, testified about environmental and human rights issues in Nigeria.
“Shell claims that they completely pulled out of the Ogoni region in 1993 . . . . However, Shell continues to ship oil across Ogoni through the Trans-Niger Pipeline,” he stated.
“More than a decade after Shell supposedly pulled out, the Ogoni are still suffering ongoing pollution from oil spills and fires on their land.”
Congressman James McGovern (D-MA), co-chair of the Commission, inquired into the ways that the U.S. Government can ensure that international environmental and human rights standards are respected by corporations operating abroad, and stated that “environmental contamination is a basic human rights issue.”
Shell began oil production in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria in 1958, and in 2006, an independent team of scientists characterized the Niger Delta as “one of the world’s most severely petroleum-impacted ecosystems.”
Of the nearly 27 million people living in the Niger Delta, an estimated 75 percent rely on the environment for their livelihood.
Steve Kretzmann claims that “Shell’s operations in the Delta led to the deep impoverishment of the Ogoni people and surrounding communities, and prompted the development of a powerful nonviolent movement – the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People, or MOSOP – that pressed Shell to clean up its operations in Ogoni, and advocated for benefits for the Ogoni people from oil production in the area”
“From 1990-1995, Nigerian soldiers, at Shell’s request and with Shell’s assistance and financing, used deadly force and conducted massive, brutal raids against the Ogoni people to repress the growing movement in protest of Shell. On November 10, 1995, nine Ogoni leaders were executed by the Nigerian government after being falsely accused of murder and tried by a specially-created military tribunal.
“Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight other Ogoni leaders died because they opposed Shell’s devastating practices in Ogoni lands,” said Jennie Green, attorney at the Center for Constitutional Rights”, a United States based advocacy group
The United States groups have also released a film titled: “The Case against Shell: Landmark Human Rights Trial (Wiwa v. Shell), highlighting the on coming alleged human rights abuses by Shell in its operations in the Niger delta.